196019611962196319641965196619671968196919701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Afganistán 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Albania 5.1 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Alemania 10.5 11.3 11.5 11.0 10.4 10.1 9.9 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.0
Andorra 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 2.6 3.3 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Angola 2.1 2.7 1.3 0.8
Antigua y Barbuda 7.7 6.5 6.6 6.1 3.9 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.0 1.7 2.2 2.2 1.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.0 2.9
Arabia Saudita 0.8 1.2 1.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 3.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.7 2.2 2.2 2.2
Argelia 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.9
Argentina 6.4 5.6 4.6 4.6 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.0
Armenia 8.4 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.7 8.7 9.0 9.0 9.2 9.0 9.1 8.5 8.4 8.2 7.8 7.6 7.1 6.8 6.7 6.2 6.4 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2
Aruba
Australia 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.8 11.8 12.0 11.9 11.9 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.2 12.1 11.9 11.7 10.9 10.5 9.8 9.2 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.2 7.9 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8
Austria 10.8 10.8 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.7 10.6 10.4 10.2 9.9 9.7 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.3
Azerbaiyán 9.7 9.9 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 10.1 10.0 10.5 10.5 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.1 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.2 7.9 7.9 7.7 7.5 5.1 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8
Bahamas 5.7 5.1 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 3.0
Bahrein 4.7 4.3 3.3 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.7
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8
Barbados 5.9 10.2 8.5 8.4 1.3 7.4 7.6 7.3 7.3 6.7 6.6 7.6 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.0
Belarús 12.5 13.1 13.3 13.5 13.4 13.6 13.2 13.2 12.7 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.5 11.3 11.3 11.1 10.8
Bélgica 8.3 9.4 9.1 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6
Belice 4.7 5.4 3.3 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.0
Benin 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.1 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5
Bermudas 6.3
Bhután 1.7 0.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Bolivia 1.8 2.3 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3
Bosnia y Herzegovina 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Botswana 2.1 2.4 1.6 2.2 2.4 1.8 1.8
Brasil 3.2 3.7 5.0 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.9 3.5 2.9 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.9
Bulgaria 6.2 8.9 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.0 9.1 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.8 10.2 10.5 10.2 10.4 10.5 10.3 8.4 7.5 7.4 7.2 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.8 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5
Burkina Faso 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.4
Burundi 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.9 0.8
Cabo Verde 1.4 2.2 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.1
Camboya 0.7 1.1 2.1 2.1 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
Camerún 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.6 2.6 1.5 1.3
Canadá 6.2 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5
Chad 0.7 1.3 0.7 0.4
Chile 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
China 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.3
Chipre 4.5 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.1 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Colombia 2.6 2.1 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Comoras 3.1 2.8 2.2 2.2
Congo, República del 3.8 4.4 3.3 1.6
Congo, República Democrática del 5.7 3.3 3.2 1.6 1.4 1.1 0.8
Corea, República de 1.7 2.4 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.6 4.7 4.5 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.9 6.5 7.2 7.7 8.2 8.7 9.5 10.3 10.9 11.6 11.6 12.0 12.3 12.4
Corea, República Popular Democrática de 13.2 14.3 13.2
Costa de Marfil 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.4
Costa Rica 4.8 3.9 3.3 2.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Croacia 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 6.5 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.5
Cuba 4.4 4.6 5.4 6.0 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Curacao
Dinamarca 8.1 8.4 8.3 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.6
Djibouti 7.8 6.1 3.6 2.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Dominica 4.5 4.4 3.0 2.6 3.6 2.7 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Ecuador 1.9 2.3 2.5 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4
Egipto 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4
El Salvador 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.2
Emiratos Árabes Unidos 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.2 0.0 1.1 1.4 1.4
Eritrea 1.2 0.7
Eslovenia 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
España 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Estados pequeños del Caribe 5.1 5.0 5.0 3.6 2.8 3.1 3.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.4
Estados Unidos 9.2 8.8 7.9 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Estonia 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.3 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.4 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.0 6.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Etiopía 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 6.3 0.3 0.3
Ex República Yugoslava de Macedonia 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3
Federación de Rusia 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.1 12.7 12.2 12.2 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.3 11.1 10.9 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.0 11.1 11.0 10.9 10.7 9.9 9.7 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.2 8.1 7.1
Fiji 4.0 2.9 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.0
Filipinas 0.8 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Finlandia 15.1 15.6 14.0 12.5 11.2 11.0 10.0 10.0 9.3 9.2 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.0 3.3 3.6
Francia 10.5 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.9 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.5 10.3 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Gabón 5.7 9.9 1.6 3.2 2.0 1.3 6.3
Gambia 1.2 1.7 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.1
Georgia 10.2 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.8 10.0 9.4 9.7 7.7 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.7 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.9
Ghana 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.9
Gibraltar
Granada 6.2 7.3 5.8 8.0 8.2 5.5 5.3 6.2 6.9 5.7 4.1 2.6 2.6 2.4 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6
Grecia 5.8 6.2 6.2 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Groenlandia 14.4
Guam
Guatemala 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.7 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.4
Guinea 0.7 1.8 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3
Guinea Ecuatorial 5.0 2.8 1.1 2.2 1.9 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 1.6 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.5 0.7 1.0
Guyana 5.6 4.8 5.0 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.9 2.9 2.8 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7
Haití 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.7
Honduras 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Hong Kong 2.6 4.2 5.0 4.0 4.1 4.9
Hungría 9.3 8.8 8.8 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.2 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
India 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Indonesia 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Irán 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6
Iraq 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Irlanda 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.2 7.9 7.2 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Isla de Man 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6
Isla de San Martín (parte francesa)
Islandia 9.8 12.9 14.8 15.8 16.7 16.3 15.9 14.8 14.7 14.6 7.5 5.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8
Islas Caimán 3.0
Islas del Canal 11.2 11.2 10.7 10.6
Islas Feroe
Islas Marshall 2.3 2.1 2.7 2.7
Islas Salomón 7.3 7.3 5.7 0.8 2.7 2.2 1.4 1.7 1.4
Islas Turcas y Caicos
Islas Vírgenes (EE.UU.) 4.8 18.7
Islas Vírgenes Británicas
Israel 6.7 8.1 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Italia 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.9 10.1 10.3 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.4 9.1 8.9 8.5 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.5 7.1 7.2 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.3 6.5 5.9 5.5 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1
Jamaica 4.1 4.1 5.0 3.3 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7
Japón 9.0 12.5 13.7 14.7 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.2 15.1 15.0 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.2 14.1 14.0 13.9 13.7 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.1 13.1 13.0
Jordania 3.6 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.5
Kazajstán 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.7 13.5 13.2 12.1 11.6 10.3 8.4 8.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.1
Kenya 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Kirguistán 12.0 12.1 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.0 12.1 11.9 10.7 9.6 8.6 8.4 8.6 8.3 7.5 7.0 6.2 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kiribati 6.4 12.3 5.1 4.8 4.3 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.9 1.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 6.8 4.8 4.1 3.0 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Lao 0.5 0.9 2.6 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.5
Lesotho 1.1 1.7 1.6 1.3
Letonia 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.2 14.1 14.0 14.1 13.6 12.9 12.2 12.1 11.2 10.4 9.8 9.4 9.0 8.8 8.3 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8 6.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5
Líbano 4.6 4.1 1.7 3.1 2.7 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 2.9 2.9 3.4 2.7 2.7
Liberia 1.3 1.6 1.6 0.7 0.8
Libia 2.8 3.8 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.2
Liechtenstein
Lituania 12.1 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.0 11.9 11.3 11.1 10.9 10.2 10.0 9.9 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.4
Luxemburgo 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.3
Macao 10.1 5.3
Madagascar 2.4 2.8 2.4 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.2
Malasia 3.7 3.5 3.3 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.9
Malawi 1.1 1.5 0.8 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.3
Maldivas 0.8 1.7 2.3 2.3 2.6 4.3
Malí 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.1
Malta 9.3 9.5 9.3 9.3 9.4 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.9 7.4 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.5
Mariana
Marruecos 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Mauricio 4.7 4.0 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.4
Mauritania 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.4
México 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Micronesia (Estados Federados de) 3.5 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.2
Mónaco 18.1 21.7 19.6 16.5 13.8
Mongolia 8.7 9.5 11.2 11.0 11.5 7.5 6.0 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.0 8.0
Montenegro 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Mozambique 0.8 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
Myanmar 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.0
Namibia 3.3 2.7
Nauru 3.5 3.5 5.0
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 5.0 0.3
Nicaragua 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Níger 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Nigeria 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.9 6.4 1.7 1.2 0.5
Noruega 5.9 5.7 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Nueva Caledonia
Nueva Zelandia 11.7 10.8 10.2 9.5 8.5 7.4 7.1 6.5 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Omán 0.3 1.6 1.6 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Países Bajos 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Pakistán 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Palau 4.4 5.9 5.0 4.9 4.8
Panamá 3.8 3.0 3.4 3.4 2.5 2.7 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3
Papua Nueva Guinea 6.6 4.9 5.5 5.0 4.7 3.3 4.0
Paraguay 2.4 1.6 1.7 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.6 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.8
Perú 2.4 2.2 2.5 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Polinesia Francesa
Polonia 4.6 5.2 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.6 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
Portugal 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Puerto Rico 3.3
Qatar 5.5 2.9 2.3 1.6 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Reino Unido 10.7 9.6 8.1 7.4 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
República Árabe Siria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
República Checa 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.1 10.7 10.4 10.2 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
República de Moldova 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.4 12.7 12.8 12.7 13.1 13.1 12.8 12.5 12.2 12.2 12.1 11.6 11.2 8.2 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.7
República Dominicana 2.3 2.6 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.5 2.1 2.0 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.6
República Eslovaca 9.0 8.9 9.0 8.8 8.8 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.9 7.1 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Ribera Occidental y Gaza 1.2
Rumania 7.3 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.9 8.9 8.9 8.9 7.9 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.7 7.7 7.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Rwanda 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.5 0.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Saint Kitts y Nevis 3.9 5.9 8.5 9.2 6.4 6.4 4.3 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.5 6.0 4.8 4.8 2.3
Samoa 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.4 3.3 1.5 2.0 1.0 1.0
Samoa Americana
San Marino 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 7.7 7.4 7.2 3.9 3.8
San Vicente y las Granadinas 4.8 5.0 4.7 5.0 1.9 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 4.3 4.3
Santa Lucía 4.3 5.0 4.0 4.4 3.3 3.4 2.3 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.3
Santo Tomé y Príncipe 40.3 26.7 4.7 3.2 3.2 2.9
Senegal 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3
Serbia 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.6
Seychelles 7.1 6.5 4.9 4.8 6.3 5.7 3.9 3.6
Sierra Leona 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.2 0.4
Singapur 4.4 3.7 3.3 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Sri Lanka 3.1 3.0 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.4 2.7 2.2 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 4.2
Sudáfrica 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.3
Sudán 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 8.0 0.7 6.7 0.7
Sudán del Sur
Suecia 14.2 15.3 15.1 14.6 12.4 11.9 7.6 7.0 6.5 4.9 4.4 5.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Suiza 19.9 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6
Suriname 6.5 5.7 8.9 5.7 3.1 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.6 3.1 3.1 3.0
Swazilandia 1.9 3.4 2.1 2.1
Tailandia 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Tanzanía 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.7
Tayikistán 10.6 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.7 11.0 11.2 10.7 8.9 8.2 7.5 7.2 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7
Timor-Leste 5.9 5.9
Togo 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 0.9 0.7
Tonga 2.5 2.6 3.4 3.5 3.2 2.4 2.4 2.6
Trinidad y Tobago 5.6 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.0 3.2 3.8 5.1 3.3 3.4 3.3 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.1 2.7 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Túnez 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.9 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Turkmenistán 10.5 10.7 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.2 11.5 11.6 11.4 11.7 11.5 10.3 8.0 7.1 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.0
Turquía 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9
Tuvalu 5.6
Ucrania 12.1 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.0 12.7 12.5 12.3 11.9 10.8 9.4 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.8 9.4 9.4 9.1 8.9 8.8 7.5
Uganda 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.5
Uruguay 5.5 5.9 5.0 3.2 4.5 4.5 4.4 1.9 2.4 2.9 2.9 1.2 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4
Uzbekistán 9.2 11.8 12.0 11.9 12.2 12.3 12.5 10.9 10.8 9.4 8.7 8.3 7.9 6.5 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.0
Vanuatu 5.4 10.7 6.2 3.1 3.7 4.1 1.7
Venezuela 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 1.5 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9
Viet Nam 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 1.7 2.3 2.4 1.4 2.8 2.3 2.7 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.5 3.2 2.6
Yemen, Rep. del 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Zambia 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.5 2.0 1.9 2.0
Zimbabwe 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.0 1.4 1.9 0.5 3.0 1.7