2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Afganistán 85.4 86.1 84.5 79.0 76.8 78.2 75.4 72.8 79.0 73.3 74.5 72.0 73.1 78.4 76.0 75.5 78.4
Albania 60.4 57.8 59.7 54.0 52.7 52.5 51.3 56.0 53.1 47.1 47.4 49.6 50.4 50.9 52.2 43.3 41.8 44.6 44.7
Alemania 21.8 21.8 22.2 22.6 24.1 24.3 24.8 24.8 24.7 24.3 24.3 24.6 24.6 23.6 23.0 23.0 22.7 22.3 22.3
Andorra 34.0 33.6 32.4 35.2 37.1 35.0 39.3 39.3 33.3 30.9 29.4 31.5 32.8 33.1 31.8 31.0 30.9 30.3 32.1
Angola 41.3 52.9 59.4 57.7 55.6 52.1 40.4 39.4 33.2 28.5 34.6 32.4 32.6 35.4 42.7 50.0 52.2 50.6 54.7
Antigua y Barbuda 41.8 40.8 41.4 40.1 41.9 44.2 46.9 48.5 49.0 45.1 41.6 43.0 43.7 43.7 40.8 40.2 44.1 47.0 44.4
Arabia Saudita 27.9 27.5 27.7 27.6 28.5 27.5 27.0 29.6 36.4 35.0 38.1 32.9 31.7 30.4 28.6 31.5 33.3 35.8 37.6
Argelia 28.0 23.7 24.7 23.3 28.6 30.6 31.5 30.1 28.0 29.1 30.5 29.4 27.0 28.9 28.0 29.5 32.3 34.0 34.1
Argentina 45.2 44.9 43.5 44.9 41.9 47.4 47.1 45.5 44.0 39.8 40.7 39.1 37.1 36.0 34.0 33.0 37.6 36.4 38.3
Armenia 64.5 53.2 76.7 78.0 73.2 63.1 61.3 58.4 71.7 74.0 78.0 79.0 79.8 84.6 83.7 83.0 81.7 85.5 86.4
Aruba
Australia 28.2 28.9 28.1 28.7 28.3 28.2 28.3 27.1 27.7 27.0 27.6 26.7 28.8 32.4 32.7 31.8 31.4 31.2 30.9
Austria 25.8 26.4 26.6 26.9 27.9 27.3 27.1 27.2 26.2 27.2 27.6 27.3 27.1 27.8 27.5 27.5 27.6 27.6 26.9
Azerbaiyán 68.6 70.1 72.3 68.9 65.8 58.5 56.4 52.7 54.2 55.5 57.9 59.9 60.6 64.2 65.6 67.4 70.7 72.5 72.8
Bahamas 59.8 59.5 59.8 58.9 59.6 60.1 60.9 59.3 56.5 53.8 54.4 54.8 55.9 53.8 54.5 55.1 50.8 43.9 49.3
Bahrein 34.0 33.1 33.3 37.6 35.0 32.4 31.1 34.5 33.9 36.1 37.0 37.5 34.7 34.8 34.9 35.1 38.6 42.0 41.2
Bangladesh 63.4 67.9 65.1 65.2 65.4 68.2 68.6 68.9 70.2 70.1 69.8 70.3 70.2 70.9 72.4 74.3 75.8 76.6 76.5
Barbados 48.1 46.7 44.4 41.9 39.4 41.6 42.2 43.6 41.6 42.0 44.3 48.5 44.3 47.4 50.8 51.0 51.1 52.6 54.0
Belarús 21.2 25.2 27.3 23.9 23.2 25.4 28.4 29.7 34.0 35.2 31.5 36.3 33.8 36.9 37.1 38.8 28.6 30.5 29.3
Bélgica 25.5 24.7 26.3 26.2 25.3 25.5 25.7 26.1 24.5 23.9 24.0 24.0 23.6 24.0 24.2 24.3 23.9 24.1 24.2
Belice 46.1 41.6 41.2 41.5 41.4 39.6 35.8 30.9 28.4 30.2 30.6 30.6 31.7 31.1 27.8 29.2 29.6 29.8 28.9
Benin 57.3 54.4 57.7 58.2 56.1 56.5 55.8 54.4 53.2 51.5 50.1 48.4 41.9 47.8 49.8 45.6 48.8 49.8 50.2
Bermudas
Bhután 12.2 10.5 18.7 19.4 16.6 17.1 15.0 14.5 15.9 17.0 16.9 16.8 21.7 21.4 22.3 20.7 21.3 14.3 14.4
Bolivia 38.4 39.4 39.9 38.1 38.7 38.1 38.2 36.3 35.4 35.0 37.6 37.0 38.5 37.9 34.7 31.2 31.9 29.2 27.0
Bosnia y Herzegovina 39.5 38.8 35.9 30.3 42.7 45.2 45.0 44.3 43.9 31.0 30.4 29.7 29.5 29.2 29.2 29.1 29.0 29.5 29.7
Botswana 28.6 28.9 28.2 28.9 29.9 31.5 32.1 28.3 25.3 41.1 37.3 33.7 30.9 27.2 24.2 25.2 27.8 14.7 16.1
Brasil 58.0 58.6 57.3 56.9 56.8 58.3 57.0 57.4 56.2 55.7 54.7 55.2 56.5 55.4 55.8 57.0 57.0 58.1 58.2
Brunei Darussalam 15.8 16.8 16.4 17.1 16.9 16.3 14.7 12.8 10.1 9.5 8.3 8.5 8.9 9.4 7.3 5.0 5.0 5.4 4.9
Bulgaria 40.4 43.9 40.7 39.3 40.6 40.4 44.3 44.3 44.6 46.2 44.8 45.9 49.2 43.4 41.8 44.1 44.9 45.5 42.4
Burkina Faso 46.1 46.8 42.2 37.1 33.0 33.7 32.9 29.6 34.0 36.7 33.6 38.4 38.7 41.5 43.9 47.0 36.4 38.7 42.3
Burundi 75.6 53.7 60.6 60.6 45.2 47.1 48.8 50.5 53.7 43.8 39.5 38.8 39.9 38.5 49.9 52.4 43.8 44.3 44.5
Cabo Verde 26.1 24.2 24.3 25.0 24.7 25.5 24.6 23.7 25.4 25.3 30.7 28.7 27.1 27.0 27.8 30.1 31.3 30.9 30.9
Camboya 78.1 75.9 72.7 67.9 64.5 67.8 64.6 49.9 68.2 67.7 66.4 71.8 61.2 61.3 58.8 57.9 59.2 61.1 58.2
Camerún 81.6 77.7 74.4 75.6 77.7 77.9 78.0 79.5 78.8 81.5 80.6 73.0 75.9 79.5 73.9 80.0 80.0 86.3 85.5
Canadá 27.1 27.2 27.6 26.9 26.9 27.0 27.3 27.1 26.9 26.5 26.8 26.2 25.9 25.7 26.4 26.0 27.0 26.8 26.5
Chad 58.5 61.6 68.1 51.6 54.7 60.4 68.4 70.2 74.6 71.0 73.1 66.2 64.6 63.8 60.6 61.7 60.9 63.1 67.4
Chile 64.2 63.6 62.5 61.8 60.5 60.7 58.6 57.7 56.5 53.1 52.9 52.8 52.1 52.3 52.3 52.0 50.3 49.6 49.2
China 78.0 76.9 74.5 71.5 69.6 67.0 64.7 60.8 55.3 50.5 48.0 46.2 44.2 42.9 41.6 39.8 41.9 43.3 43.6
Chipre 58.4 57.7 55.0 55.5 58.2 58.0 56.6 56.2 57.9 56.9 53.3 51.6 53.1 53.3 56.4 57.5 58.8 58.5 56.8
Colombia 25.4 24.9 22.9 20.8 25.2 27.2 27.2 28.9 30.6 27.9 27.7 26.3 29.6 30.1 29.6 29.2 29.7 29.0 28.4
Comoras 83.0 84.6 79.5 80.2 80.9 81.4 82.0 82.4 82.5 83.3 80.4 71.9 79.6 77.8 78.0 74.5 74.7 76.0 76.3
Congo, República del 54.3 47.1 63.0 62.7 57.1 53.5 50.3 50.8 39.4 52.0 43.5 41.9 30.8 32.0 33.8 35.5 48.9 51.6 55.3
Congo, República Democrática del 68.3 80.4 79.5 73.7 77.0 75.0 74.1 69.8 54.9 51.0 46.1 44.6 46.2 45.9 46.0 43.8 44.1 47.6 49.7
Corea, República de 49.7 44.1 43.5 44.0 43.3 43.0 41.0 41.1 42.8 40.8 40.7 41.4 42.3 42.2 42.7 42.6 42.5 42.1 41.5
Corea, República Popular Democrática de
Costa de Marfil 74.7 73.2 69.2 72.5 72.7 77.4 77.8 78.5 75.2 74.7 76.1 74.6 67.5 71.7 65.7 62.3 59.6 58.5 58.9
Costa Rica 34.0 33.2 32.8 33.3 33.8 35.9 33.8 33.7 32.0 28.8 27.5 29.7 29.3 29.0 29.0 27.3 26.6 26.4 27.6
Croacia 15.0 17.8 21.0 18.7 20.2 15.0 15.3 13.6 16.2 17.2 16.6 18.0 17.3 14.9 16.0 16.9 17.2 17.2 16.8
Cuba 16.2 18.7 19.4 20.3 19.6 14.8 14.3 9.8 8.8 8.1 9.2 10.8 13.1 12.3 9.6 9.6 10.3 10.5 11.0
Curacao
Dinamarca 16.9 16.6 16.2 16.1 16.5 16.3 16.1 16.3 16.0 15.5 16.1 16.4 16.0 15.7 15.8 15.8 15.9 16.0 16.1
Djibouti 52.0 55.4 43.3 37.4 41.9 42.3 38.2 36.3 32.1 30.6 29.5 25.2 24.2 25.0 23.9 21.8 24.6 27.7 30.6
Dominica 34.0 42.3 42.9 41.2 41.8 41.2 41.1 44.2 45.6 43.4 39.9 37.8 36.5 36.4 36.8 35.3 33.4 29.4 33.3
Ecuador 68.2 64.5 67.2 68.7 67.6 69.2 67.1 61.0 59.9 58.2 54.5 52.3 50.4 48.6 48.1 50.2 48.6 46.6 47.9
Egipto 64.8 65.8 65.5 67.2 66.4 66.5 62.4 62.6 64.2 63.3 66.4 65.6 70.9 70.6 69.1 68.6 68.1 68.7 70.6
El Salvador 54.6 54.4 52.7 52.1 49.6 46.6 36.9 39.8 39.0 37.7 37.0 34.7 36.8 33.1 33.5 33.7 33.3 36.1 35.9
Emiratos Árabes Unidos 31.2 23.0 38.8 38.7 42.9 43.2 42.7 41.3 36.1 26.3 29.1 27.6 27.5 28.0 29.0 28.7 28.4 45.2 48.4
Eritrea 63.8 55.9 46.0 38.9 35.1 35.2 34.7 44.1 33.4 46.1 47.7 36.1 52.1 48.5 51.9 42.0 60.2 47.5 48.6
Eslovenia 28.6 29.4 27.6 28.0 28.0 27.8 28.3 29.8 27.8 28.0 27.6 27.7 29.1 29.7 29.5 28.6 27.7 28.2 27.6
España 28.4 28.7 28.7 28.9 28.6 28.4 27.9 27.7 26.7 24.9 25.6 26.5 27.9 29.0 29.7 28.7 28.4 29.3 29.6
Estados pequeños del Caribe 51.6 53.8 50.6 51.9 50.9 50.7 52.1 51.2 49.6 48.1 48.0 47.7 48.5 47.5 48.0 45.8 45.1 42.8 44.5
Estados Unidos 55.8 54.8 54.9 55.1 54.8 54.6 53.7 53.6 52.6 51.6 51.4 51.3 51.4 51.0 49.8 49.3 49.6 49.7 49.6
Estonia 24.2 22.0 23.9 23.7 25.4 25.5 24.6 24.4 23.4 22.5 24.0 23.6 23.5 24.5 24.4 24.5 24.4 26.5 26.4
Etiopía 42.5 40.3 43.1 39.3 39.6 35.6 42.5 40.0 41.2 46.9 48.3 53.9 48.6 49.7 58.8 56.5 54.8 39.7 40.7
Ex República Yugoslava de Macedonia 42.9 43.3 43.4 44.1 42.9 41.5 40.2 37.5 32.4 35.5 38.7 36.7 36.2 34.1 35.3 34.7 35.6 42.9 42.7
Federación de Rusia 40.4 41.8 41.5 41.8 41.1 38.8 38.2 37.9 37.3 37.9 38.6 37.3 36.3 37.6 38.2 41.3 43.0 42.9 40.5
Fiji 15.3 18.6 17.4 18.2 18.3 17.1 21.4 24.2 24.1 31.2 29.8 35.0 34.7 36.5 34.6 34.3 33.0 31.4 29.5
Filipinas 52.1 55.6 60.1 60.4 60.4 62.7 64.1 66.7 68.4 67.0 66.3 72.7 72.7 72.0 71.0 67.1 66.0 65.5 66.6
Finlandia 24.3 23.8 23.2 22.7 22.2 22.2 21.3 21.4 21.2 21.0 21.4 20.8 20.2 20.5 20.4 21.4 22.2 22.0 21.4
Francia 27.3 27.2 27.0 27.4 27.4 27.5 28.7 28.9 29.4 29.3 29.5 29.8 29.7 29.5 29.4 27.6 27.4 26.7 26.6
Gabón 61.3 58.6 62.4 57.8 57.6 60.1 59.0 58.1 59.9 58.4 35.3 36.9 38.3 35.5 39.1 40.3 34.6 36.1 40.2
Gambia 16.5 16.4 16.6 16.0 14.9 16.6 18.0 20.3 21.9 22.5 23.7 24.6 24.6 26.3 29.9 33.6 34.5 31.4 34.3
Georgia 81.4 77.3 77.8 79.9 80.5 80.8 78.7 78.6 71.7 73.1 75.1 79.1 77.1 73.4 69.9 61.9 61.1 60.4 60.0
Ghana 63.0 56.4 62.8 61.0 60.3 49.2 49.0 48.2 47.7 42.4 40.5 40.9 44.5 43.0 49.2 40.0 48.8 53.2 48.7
Gibraltar
Granada 63.8 60.3 54.8 57.7 50.8 52.2 56.8 59.5 59.4 58.7 60.8 58.4 58.9 59.3 55.8 58.0 60.0 58.7 58.6
Grecia 38.4 36.8 39.5 40.1 41.4 39.2 38.4 36.7 34.7 31.7 31.1 34.1 36.2 38.1 41.7 41.5 47.6 47.7 47.9
Groenlandia
Guam
Guatemala 61.9 65.5 65.5 64.2 64.6 67.1 64.2 65.1 64.0 60.6 63.7 63.3 62.6 59.0 59.2 60.4 60.7 63.1 62.3
Guinea 65.8 63.8 59.8 62.9 69.9 70.6 71.5 72.3 71.7 73.2 70.0 60.6 63.3 63.3 68.7 69.1 60.5 68.3 73.7
Guinea Ecuatorial 81.9 81.8 87.6 88.1 83.7 83.1 77.3 76.0 81.2 62.2 70.7 69.6 55.1 76.0 78.2 79.7 76.7 78.5 77.8
Guinea-Bissau 36.1 43.7 47.0 43.0 36.2 37.8 41.2 38.3 40.9 43.1 45.9 44.0 69.4 73.6 65.3 72.8 77.8 80.2 78.4
Guyana 43.1 45.2 43.0 40.8 38.1 38.5 38.8 37.5 39.6 37.0 37.1 38.6 41.0 40.5 39.1 36.4 32.5 30.8 35.1
Haití 46.7 47.6 50.9 51.0 49.5 49.3 46.5 43.4 42.0 42.5 36.0 28.2 31.0 40.0 34.7 38.1 39.5 44.8 48.8
Honduras 49.0 56.1 55.0 52.6 54.5 52.6 53.2 52.9 54.3 47.6 50.1 49.6 53.9 53.5 53.4 55.6 55.1 55.7 56.7
Hong Kong
Hungría 31.2 33.1 30.8 30.0 30.4 29.8 29.6 32.2 32.3 32.0 33.4 33.8 35.2 33.8 33.3 32.2 32.3 31.3 30.9
India 76.6 78.8 79.4 79.8 79.8 78.3 78.1 77.6 75.5 73.4 72.8 70.3 71.1 76.7 75.6 73.6 72.5 72.1 72.4
Indonesia 68.4 60.6 65.5 63.2 63.6 70.1 67.6 63.0 64.5 64.1 73.0 71.9 69.0 67.6 63.5 58.5 53.7 53.0 50.3
Irán 62.3 61.7 60.7 60.6 63.6 63.1 58.3 60.2 62.9 63.3 67.6 66.6 65.7 61.5 49.6 47.9 49.4 48.7 54.1
Iraq 54.7 29.1 30.3 33.6 30.6 21.6 22.4 26.1 25.2 61.8 58.6 62.2 76.5 78.4 58.1 51.4
Irlanda 22.5 21.6 21.0 21.2 21.1 21.1 22.2 20.8 20.7 22.9 23.8 27.7 27.9 28.8 29.0 28.0 27.6 27.2 26.1
Isla de Man
Isla de San Martín (parte francesa)
Islandia 19.4 19.5 18.6 18.3 18.8 18.6 18.0 17.5 17.4 18.0 19.6 19.9 20.1 19.8 19.5 19.2 18.5 18.1 17.6
Islas Caimán
Islas del Canal
Islas Feroe
Islas Marshall 12.5 14.3 16.3 16.7 14.5 12.0 11.7 15.0 16.6 17.2 18.0 18.5 17.7 16.8 17.5 15.1 14.2 15.7 14.6
Islas Salomón 4.7 4.0 2.3 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.7 1.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1
Islas Turcas y Caicos
Islas Vírgenes (EE.UU.)
Islas Vírgenes Británicas
Israel 34.6 35.3 33.8 35.5 36.0 38.0 36.2 38.1 37.3 37.5 35.9 36.1 36.0 35.2 35.5 35.2 35.2 34.5 33.6
Italia 27.4 25.4 25.0 24.7 23.8 22.5 22.2 22.5 22.3 21.7 21.5 23.0 24.1 24.2 24.6 25.6 25.6 26.3 26.1
Jamaica 43.3 52.9 41.1 50.8 46.7 49.5 50.9 48.1 45.8 40.3 40.3 38.6 39.8 39.0 39.3 35.3 34.9 32.5 33.6
Japón 19.6 19.0 19.2 20.0 19.7 18.8 19.7 18.8 18.8 18.7 18.1 16.3 16.1 15.7 15.9 15.9 16.0 15.8 15.9
Jordania 52.4 51.7 50.5 49.8 46.4 45.4 43.7 40.0 38.1 29.1 28.8 28.8 29.4 32.1 29.6 45.7 47.3 45.9 46.3
Kazajstán 49.1 43.4 46.5 45.1 41.6 35.0 31.7 33.6 25.3 23.8 31.5 28.7 31.7 30.5 28.2 36.8 40.2 37.8 39.0
Kenya 59.0 58.2 55.5 55.6 54.2 54.8 46.7 45.5 44.2 43.0 42.2 42.8 43.3 43.7 42.6 41.7 41.0 41.6 42.4
Kirguistán 51.6 53.2 51.7 51.1 46.6 42.6 39.2 42.9 48.7 38.6 43.1 43.5 43.2 46.4 56.3 54.6 57.2 56.4 52.5
Kiribati 3.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 3.4 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.1 0.1
Kosovo
Kuwait 24.1 18.7 20.3 19.7 20.3 20.1 19.0 21.3 21.8 12.9 15.4 13.8 15.0 15.4 14.1 15.9 17.2 12.7 12.0
Lao 61.3 48.5 56.8 61.6 55.2 52.6 50.2 58.4 59.5 47.3 62.6 53.5 51.9 51.3 53.5 47.8 49.5 48.1 48.9
Lesotho 49.2 41.9 44.6 40.0 36.8 40.0 35.2 29.3 26.1 19.9 24.4 18.8 18.8 17.4 16.5 16.2 17.5 16.6 16.0
Letonia 49.2 51.3 50.4 50.2 43.4 44.0 38.5 39.1 39.6 39.9 39.8 36.5 39.7 40.0 40.3 41.3 44.1 42.7 40.1
Líbano 70.1 67.1 66.9 65.6 62.0 61.1 58.1 57.8 59.6 60.0 58.9 55.6 49.2 49.5 49.2 48.9 48.5 47.5 49.0
Liberia 73.2 60.8 67.0 66.6 78.1 74.5 69.1 68.5 60.6 52.8 54.4 51.8 48.9 51.7 54.6 55.4 55.7 54.0 49.6
Libia 51.3 45.5 33.1 33.8 34.2 35.3 34.6 33.4 32.3 31.1 30.0 36.7
Liechtenstein
Lituania 32.7 29.7 27.1 25.5 37.3 39.2 37.5 34.1 29.2 28.0 28.7 29.5 33.2 34.3 33.3 33.6 34.0 34.7 33.8
Luxemburgo 16.8 16.0 16.0 16.1 15.5 15.9 16.2 14.6 12.4 13.3 14.1 16.6 14.8 14.7 14.3 14.1 14.2 13.8 13.7
Macao
Madagascar 45.4 39.2 41.7 43.5 37.4 39.1 38.4 40.9 46.1 46.3 43.9 35.6 40.7 42.8 33.9 30.6 26.9 30.1 34.3
Malasia 53.6 49.5 48.9 48.3 49.2 51.3 46.4 47.3 47.2 44.7 47.3 47.2 46.5 46.2 45.5 46.7 48.7 48.1 48.8
Malawi 20.6 23.0 17.6 18.7 12.9 13.1 18.2 21.2 20.4 19.9 15.2 13.9 13.3 13.7 14.2 17.8 18.2 16.9 17.9
Maldivas 66.9 67.3 70.1 67.5 68.6 64.4 61.9 51.5 41.4 37.0 43.7 49.5 47.9 46.3 37.4 27.9 27.5 28.5 28.4
Malí 70.5 69.8 63.6 63.1 57.5 58.9 58.5 63.2 65.1 63.6 58.3 52.4 47.3 37.4 35.8 36.3 37.7 34.4 35.8
Malta 27.8 31.0 29.6 30.4 30.5 30.9 31.7 33.2 35.2 35.1 35.4 35.6 34.4 32.3 38.4 39.2 37.0 37.1 36.5
Mariana
Marruecos 75.0 73.3 72.2 72.3 72.5 73.8 62.8 58.8 59.5 56.8 59.7 58.3 56.9 55.4 59.1 58.3 57.3 56.8 59.6
Mauricio 46.2 45.7 46.8 47.4 45.6 51.8 55.0 58.0 63.8 60.4 54.0 54.9 53.4 56.8 54.5 55.7 55.7 56.4 56.4
Mauritania 81.8 80.9 73.2 71.6 73.9 70.7 72.5 69.3 65.4 66.5 66.3 64.4 60.8 53.3 53.6 52.7 58.7 55.2 56.5
México 54.8 56.2 57.3 58.5 56.5 57.8 57.2 56.2 54.1 53.3 51.4 48.7 48.4 47.2 46.8 46.9 47.6 48.5 49.9
Micronesia (Estados Federados de) 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.3 4.7 3.4 5.4 5.0 4.4 4.1 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4
Mónaco 20.0 19.9 19.8 19.0 18.9 18.9 19.2 19.8 19.4 18.7 18.6 18.8 18.7 18.9 19.0 19.1 14.5 14.2 14.3
Mongolia 24.6 27.1 26.4 28.2 29.6 35.6 29.3 26.5 23.5 24.8 30.3 34.4 33.5 39.2 37.0 39.2 35.0 35.5 35.8
Montenegro 40.0
Mozambique 37.5 25.1 26.3 21.0 16.2 12.9 13.4 12.6 11.6 9.6 8.7 8.5 17.6 16.6 18.6 18.3 17.4 16.2 15.9
Myanmar 85.7 85.9 82.2 83.2 78.9 82.5 75.0 82.2 82.5 82.3 80.7 77.3 76.7 72.2 66.0 70.5 76.7 75.7 76.4
Namibia 45.4 43.1 42.0 41.4 38.1 35.7 35.6 37.0 36.7 42.3 44.7 47.5 50.3 47.4 47.8 52.1 46.1 46.7 49.3
Nauru 4.4 5.2 6.5 8.4 12.4 7.6 6.8 4.1 4.3 7.0 6.2 6.8 6.0 8.2 7.9 4.0 3.8 4.3 5.1
Nepal 63.0 57.9 58.2 60.2 58.5 57.2 49.7 67.3 66.5 63.8 68.0 71.4 69.0 71.7 69.1 69.0 69.7 62.4 65.9
Nicaragua 47.4 44.6 48.6 44.2 43.9 41.3 44.0 43.7 42.7 40.6 39.7 40.0 39.8 39.3 37.6 37.7 37.0 35.8 34.8
Níger 69.8 69.5 68.8 70.7 69.2 59.3 57.4 61.0 59.7 62.3 61.6 63.2 62.7 58.1 58.1 54.7 60.9 51.7 55.0
Nigeria 64.7 66.4 71.4 75.9 67.8 69.0 73.4 74.2 76.1 77.9 80.1 77.7 75.4 73.3 74.4 73.6 76.7 77.9 77.3
Noruega 18.3 17.2 17.1 16.8 17.0 16.9 16.7 16.3 15.8 15.5 15.3 15.6 15.2 15.0 14.7 14.5 14.6 14.9 14.7
Nueva Caledonia
Nueva Zelandia 25.5 26.8 25.1 24.5 23.0 23.1 22.8 20.7 22.4 22.3 21.7 21.2 21.5 22.4 22.6 25.3 25.4 24.5 25.2
Omán 18.2 18.0 16.5 17.1 18.1 17.7 19.3 18.9 21.2 18.7 17.3 18.2 17.6 12.8 10.2 10.6 11.1 12.8 12.3
Países Bajos 31.0 30.4 30.0 29.8 31.4 31.6 29.9 30.7 33.4 33.3 32.7 32.7 33.2 32.7 32.4 34.9 36.0 35.5 35.1
Pakistán 64.1 62.8 57.5 68.6 69.2 73.8 80.5 74.9 75.8 75.0 73.0 69.8 66.8 67.6 68.8 68.7 69.4 66.7 63.9
Palau 21.3 22.3 26.0 25.6 23.1 25.3 27.1 28.0 29.9 31.5 28.8 30.8 30.1 32.4 31.6 34.5 32.4 35.0 38.4
Panamá 32.1 33.1 33.7 34.4 33.3 37.1 34.6 32.2 31.9 32.1 32.3 34.3 39.2 37.4 37.1 36.7 34.3 35.9 35.4
Papua Nueva Guinea 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.1 7.8 8.7 10.4 12.3 12.2 9.2 6.6 6.0 12.4 10.1 9.0 9.7
Paraguay 54.5 59.5 63.1 60.4 60.7 60.4 57.7 57.9 60.3 51.4 52.9 50.3 53.1 55.9 52.0 52.8 52.8 54.2 56.2
Perú 49.4 46.9 44.8 42.3 41.9 43.5 48.5 51.6 51.7 47.6 46.6 46.5 45.6 43.4 39.1 37.8 37.0 36.4 37.2
Polinesia Francesa
Polonia 31.8 29.7 30.0 31.4 32.5 31.5 31.0 30.3 28.8 28.3 28.6 29.0 30.2 29.6 30.0 30.6 31.2 31.1 28.9
Portugal 29.5 29.2 27.4 29.0 29.0 28.7 30.9 31.3 31.6 30.1 30.2 32.3 34.4 33.1 33.9 33.8 38.5 38.9 38.5
Puerto Rico
Qatar 40.5 37.0 37.1 25.0 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.3 29.0 29.0 26.5 20.9 15.8 13.7 16.2 20.8 22.6 25.3
Reino Unido 23.2 23.4 22.4 21.4 19.8 18.6 17.9 19.5 18.3 17.1 17.7 18.0 18.7 20.2 20.0 19.8 19.6 20.5 21.4
República Árabe Siria 64.3 58.4 54.2 51.7 52.0 49.5 51.5 51.9 53.0 54.0 54.0 53.4 53.7
República Checa 11.3 12.6 11.9 12.5 12.4 14.8 14.5 16.2 19.0 17.1 16.9 16.3 16.5 16.6 17.4 17.8 18.1 18.3 17.3
República de Moldova 47.2 51.9 48.0 49.9 38.6 42.9 46.6 45.2 48.5 46.5 42.2 46.0 43.4 43.4 39.3 47.2 47.5 44.7 40.8
República Dominicana 63.1 62.2 61.0 70.4 71.1 66.3 63.8 58.3 53.4 53.3 54.3 51.4 51.8 51.3 50.8 51.6 53.7 53.3 54.7
República Eslovaca 11.6 11.6 11.8 12.9 21.9 25.6 30.9 31.6 25.2 26.9 28.4 26.7 28.4 26.3 20.4 21.2 20.2 20.9 20.8
Ribera Occidental y Gaza
Rumania 20.7 20.2 19.6 16.9 25.7 19.8 20.5 18.4 18.9 21.3 20.0 25.0 23.1 20.8 21.1 22.1 21.8 21.4 20.3
Rwanda 35.4 38.1 40.6 24.3 27.1 28.8 22.7 22.4 22.9 23.0 22.8 22.9 21.4 23.9 21.3 26.3 24.7 24.4 37.8
Saint Kitts y Nevis 58.1 56.3 56.7 55.9 50.9 52.9 55.2 56.4 62.7 60.3 60.9 61.3 60.8 61.7 54.6 59.0 57.8 56.7 53.5
Samoa 12.1 15.4 14.7 15.5 14.0 14.0 13.8 14.1 15.3 13.5 13.6 13.2 15.0 11.9 11.8 12.4 12.5 12.1 12.6
Samoa Americana
San Marino 26.6 25.2 26.9 25.4 23.6 22.6 22.4 20.7 20.2 20.4 19.2 18.2 17.7 18.6 18.7 19.4 18.8 17.0 16.1
San Vicente y las Granadinas 30.1 31.6 31.4 33.6 36.2 37.0 38.6 39.5 38.0 36.8 35.6 36.1 35.2 36.5 36.6 34.0 34.1 32.3 31.4
Santa Lucía 65.6 65.1 65.8 68.1 66.5 64.8 66.4 70.7 66.4 63.5 61.9 62.7 59.0 59.0 55.2 51.9 53.0 51.2 52.4
Santo Tomé y Príncipe 40.6 40.6 38.8 30.1 33.0 31.4 36.8 32.6 27.6 25.8 23.3 22.1 20.6 16.7 16.9 17.3 15.8 16.1 16.3
Senegal 60.6 57.9 61.1 61.1 62.2 50.0 47.8 55.6 54.0 56.6 58.8 60.4 62.1 63.9 57.1 57.4 57.6 60.1 62.5
Serbia 34.6 33.2 27.8 28.9 31.0 33.8 36.8 38.4 37.9 38.0 38.1 38.1 37.1 39.5 41.2 41.9 42.0 42.3 39.9
Seychelles 17.9 30.1 19.5 21.7 24.2 26.6 25.8 25.1 39.4 38.2 33.6 30.3 28.2 26.0 30.1 28.9 26.9 26.4 25.2
Sierra Leona 76.2 71.6 69.1 71.3 67.5 67.3 69.5 73.2 75.8 70.1 64.2 70.2 73.4 63.2 40.2 41.8 57.3 54.8 64.4
Singapur 63.7 72.1 68.7 62.9 67.5 67.0 66.1 66.5 62.7 65.1 64.1 62.9 60.7 58.3 55.0 52.9 52.7 51.8 49.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Sri Lanka 45.5 46.7 46.4 43.9 46.8 46.5 46.6 50.4 55.9 58.2 58.4 56.9 57.4 53.9 54.1 54.7 56.0 56.0 56.7
Sudáfrica 61.7 62.2 65.1 64.3 57.2 57.6 50.2 48.6 46.9 46.7 44.2 43.1 43.0 43.5 43.7 44.0 44.3 44.4 44.1
Sudán 66.2 66.7 65.8 66.1 60.7 58.3 59.1 61.1 65.6 55.2 64.4 69.2 69.5 78.5 71.0 66.9 74.4 76.6 69.5
Sudán del Sur 23.4 26.9
Suecia 15.5 17.8 17.4 16.8 17.3 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.5 17.5 17.6 15.6 15.8 16.0 16.0 15.9 15.6 15.2 14.9
Suiza 71.4 70.0 68.6 68.6 69.1 69.0 69.4 69.3 68.4 67.9 67.6 67.1 66.3 67.2 67.9 68.2 69.0 68.4 68.8
Suriname 37.2 51.2 48.0 50.0 48.4 50.6 45.4 48.5 52.6 50.8 51.2 55.2 57.3 57.2 57.8 45.2 36.7 41.2 32.1
Swazilandia 43.6 42.5 40.3 36.0 35.1 31.8 29.8 29.2 25.4 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.5 25.6 25.6 25.5 24.6
Tailandia 44.8 45.0 37.5 36.7 35.7 36.2 28.0 24.3 24.5 26.8 26.1 23.4 23.8 23.7 24.0 24.8 24.0 23.2 23.4
Tanzanía 40.5 42.7 44.2 45.0 38.7 34.9 26.6 29.4 33.6 35.7 32.8 29.6 28.2 26.0 26.6 27.7 23.0 24.8 24.8
Tayikistán 79.1 76.5 78.2 74.2 72.8 67.7 70.3 70.9 68.8 69.7 70.5 63.2 64.6 62.1 62.5 62.9 66.2 63.3 68.6
Timor-Leste 45.9 40.6 39.4 24.4 18.7 11.5 9.0 11.9 10.4 23.8 7.0 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.6 11.4
Togo 83.6 82.1 81.0 78.9 75.9 74.0 71.3 69.4 68.8 69.0 67.7 67.3 62.7 61.4 61.9 63.0 59.2 70.6 66.2
Tonga 22.7 19.0 19.5 20.2 15.8 18.2 14.8 17.6 13.3 21.6 17.4 19.6 14.8 18.6 15.2 15.2 13.1 13.4 14.0
Trinidad y Tobago 63.0 56.8 58.2 54.4 56.8 51.4 54.9 53.6 51.9 52.2 51.6 49.9 51.1 48.4 49.7 48.4 49.6 47.6 50.7
Túnez 47.2 47.7 48.2 48.5 48.8 49.1 47.4 46.1 44.9 43.9 43.0 42.2 42.9 40.8 41.8 42.9 43.3 42.4 42.2
Turkmenistán 53.3 65.3 65.2 67.9 77.0 78.7 81.5 73.6 83.7 75.4 75.7 73.6 72.8 71.3 72.8 75.8 81.2 77.6 81.4
Turquía 38.3 32.7 30.0 28.8 28.3 32.3 31.1 31.2 27.3 19.5 22.0 20.9 20.8 21.7 22.4 21.9 21.6 22.3 22.6
Tuvalu 0.5 3.5 5.9 6.0 7.0 6.3 3.7 5.2 5.9 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.8 3.1 3.3 1.1 3.3 3.8 3.9
Ucrania 52.5 51.0 48.6 44.2 44.4 41.0 39.1 40.1 41.2 40.9 45.1 49.3 46.9 51.2 51.1 50.9 50.6 51.1 51.0
Uganda 47.8 52.1 58.3 64.2 55.6 54.9 54.2 55.7 59.2 59.9 36.4 38.5 45.6 46.2 40.2 41.2 41.3 41.6 41.1
Uruguay 58.4 55.1 52.0 47.6 47.6 54.8 52.3 51.5 43.6 40.6 40.0 38.5 35.8 33.5 31.8 31.6 30.0 30.1 27.0
Uzbekistán 60.8 61.0 62.3 59.5 59.9 57.9 57.2 58.5 57.6 56.7 54.9 54.8 53.1 53.3 45.9 48.8 55.4 57.4 61.0
Vanuatu 10.6 11.1 8.9 13.2 12.9 13.4 12.5 12.9 12.3 12.2 12.1 11.6 11.0 9.9 12.1 10.4 15.1 14.7 13.2
Venezuela 54.1 55.0 53.8 49.6 45.8 53.5 43.2 48.3 60.2 65.6 62.1 57.1 55.7 61.4 65.5 54.7 52.7 40.2 52.1
Viet Nam 60.9 69.6 58.8 62.2 58.8 59.3 60.0 61.1 60.1 61.3 58.1 58.9 55.7 50.7 54.9 56.0 50.3 52.8 52.6
Yemen, Rep. del 46.0 47.1 49.2 56.4 62.1 66.1 67.1 70.3 69.6 75.3 75.1 73.5 72.6 75.6 77.4 82.0
Zambia 52.5 45.6 42.9 46.5 38.7 38.0 39.6 41.8 43.6 32.9 31.8 28.4 22.6 17.3 18.0 16.5 19.2 19.3 16.4
Zimbabwe 46.2 54.6 55.8 51.5 46.2 54.9 49.2 49.9 52.0