19761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Afganistán--------------------------------4.0---2.9-10.0--17.6--
Albania-------------------------------26.627.127.030.522.729.331.239.940.036.631.628.127.0
Alemania-------10.610.39.87.87.56.85.54.65.56.07.79.08.59.610.79.88.98.57.89.311.013.015.513.811.910.611.29.88.58.07.87.77.27.16.86.25.8
Andorra--------------------------------------------
Angola----------------------------54.3----9.119.416.7--------
Antigua y Barbuda-------------------------19.8------------------
Arabia Saudita-----------------------22.525.125.928.1---34.029.929.330.0-29.928.729.430.228.524.2-28.8-
Argelia-------------------------47.8---31.124.327.423.821.321.522.427.524.825.029.825.739.3--
Argentina----------------------------29.326.023.7-18.821.219.418.718.319.418.8--22.623.725.9
Armenia-------------------------------11.745.240.538.939.235.436.137.032.036.338.233.6-
Aruba---------------12.0------------------28.9---------
Australia---13.012.511.413.818.316.815.215.014.913.411.213.017.519.318.516.915.215.715.914.513.112.113.512.812.011.410.610.09.48.811.511.611.411.712.213.313.112.612.611.811.7
Austria------5.26.15.14.34.05.04.64.13.83.74.14.75.05.96.97.67.55.96.36.07.27.512.111.09.89.48.510.79.58.99.49.710.310.611.29.89.48.5
Azerbaiyán-----------------------18.422.022.021.518.918.215.414.713.614.013.914.914.714.2-13.513.4---12.4
Bahamas--------------16.622.927.122.924.621.023.822.215.715.8-15.1-24.0-20.2-18.917.126.2-27.530.8---25.8-24.1-
Bahrein----------------------------------5.0-5.3-------
Bangladesh----------2.2--2.5------7.0---10.7--6.6-9.37.6---6.4--9.9--11.412.8--
Barbados-------30.6--35.436.532.525.530.733.542.241.341.837.827.930.024.622.3-23.022.926.2-----24.426.1--29.633.832.429.6---
Belarús----------------------------------------10.79.310.610.2
Bélgica-------23.925.223.521.121.418.115.514.514.013.218.521.821.520.521.320.422.615.215.315.719.017.521.520.518.818.021.922.418.719.823.723.222.120.119.315.814.2
Belice------------------21.5------------------16.818.216.416.315.3--
Benin----------0.3-----1.7---------0.8-------2.45.6--------
Bermudas------------------------10.7--------21.116.3---29.3-----
Bhután---------------------------------12.99.29.47.39.69.410.7----
Bolivia----------14.420.7-------6.18.63.5--8.5-------5.75.1-5.23.35.54.76.96.86.76.98.8
Bosnia y Herzegovina------------------------------62.358.447.548.757.757.963.159.162.762.354.345.838.833.8
Botswana---------37.8-----25.6----37.9----39.7----32.6--33.436.0---------
Brasil---------6.34.56.77.25.56.8-11.911.5-11.913.114.917.818.9-18.118.319.318.219.517.917.015.718.0-15.616.116.015.819.927.229.228.527.8
Brunei Darussalam--------------------------------------25.4--28.929.921.4
Bulgaria------------------------33.339.335.627.124.522.319.515.112.716.221.925.028.128.423.821.617.212.912.78.9
Burkina Faso--------------------------------------8.7---8.6-
Burundi--------------0.7-----------------------2.9-----
Cabo Verde--------------41.2------------------------61.6-32.527.850.4
Camboya------------------------5.33.6-----2.11.30.81.00.61.60.81.00.71.10.4--
Camerún-------------------------------4.6--6.4---6.3-----
Canadá12.413.814.012.712.812.818.219.217.415.814.713.211.510.912.315.817.217.215.914.815.416.315.114.112.712.913.613.613.512.411.711.211.615.414.914.314.413.713.513.213.111.611.111.0
Chad------------------------------------------1.5-
Chile-------24.8--17.3-14.313.213.112.710.910.913.2-18.217.818.125.725.124.825.225.024.623.422.121.523.726.719.017.916.716.617.016.016.017.218.119.6
China--------------------------------------------
Chipre----------------4.7-------10.28.27.78.98.713.910.010.29.013.816.622.427.738.936.032.829.124.720.216.6
Colombia---------------16.115.4-13.4-18.7----27.628.426.526.323.8-22.222.823.521.920.519.318.217.616.617.517.818.519.9
Comoras----------------------------10.0---------19.5-----
Congo, República del-----------------------------40.0--------------
Congo, República Democrática del-----------------------------4.8------8.7-------
Corea, República de----11.510.210.19.28.910.09.07.77.26.87.07.37.68.97.26.36.17.615.914.010.810.28.510.010.410.210.08.79.39.99.79.79.09.310.010.010.39.910.210.0
Corea, República Popular Democrática de--------------------------------------------
Costa de Marfil------------------------------------9.76.5--3.95.5--
Costa Rica--------------8.310.97.68.28.211.412.211.711.813.411.013.214.114.514.215.013.810.810.817.617.022.222.621.624.422.321.520.625.431.5
Croacia---------------40.2----------36.335.832.832.328.925.223.725.232.436.742.150.045.542.331.327.423.716.6
Cuba---------------------------------3.56.1---------
Curacao-----------------------------------24.7-37.233.229.7--29.3-
Dinamarca-------18.914.011.58.18.98.511.511.511.512.314.610.29.910.68.17.210.06.78.37.19.87.88.67.77.59.513.515.616.415.814.814.212.212.212.410.510.1
Djibouti--------------------------------------------
Dominica-------------20.0-------40.5-34.2-25.8------------------
Ecuador--------------------20.018.923.5-9.78.4-10.910.38.08.07.19.39.99.49.18.88.59.18.810.38.57.98.8
Egipto----------------------23.120.4-27.727.1---29.924.825.024.824.329.334.434.132.231.630.829.624.7-
El Salvador-------------------------------11.4-14.010.38.68.68.79.98.99.810.19.610.0
Emiratos Árabes Unidos-----------------------------8.0-----------7.7-7.2
Eritrea--------------------------------------------
Eslovenia---------------22.2-32.622.018.916.616.317.618.516.415.714.815.314.015.913.910.110.413.614.715.720.621.620.216.315.211.28.88.1
España-12.517.621.628.434.738.641.946.347.946.543.541.134.331.830.533.142.244.941.941.839.135.429.125.320.721.522.322.519.617.918.124.537.741.546.252.955.553.248.344.438.634.332.5
Estados pequeños del Caribe--------------32.4-29.9-----29.2-------------26.327.625.424.125.3---
Estados Unidos14.713.612.311.813.914.917.817.213.913.613.312.211.010.911.213.414.213.412.512.212.111.410.49.99.310.612.012.411.811.310.510.512.817.618.417.316.215.513.411.610.49.28.68.4
Estonia--------------1.63.47.410.911.313.915.818.714.922.121.124.020.226.925.715.112.110.112.027.432.922.420.918.715.013.113.412.111.811.1
Etiopía-----------------------5.4-----3.6-------3.5------
Ex República Yugoslava de Macedonia--------------------------58.465.7--59.757.756.455.153.755.353.951.953.147.348.246.745.435.6
Federación de Rusia----------------13.013.716.318.819.323.527.124.020.718.015.617.517.215.516.414.414.018.517.115.514.913.913.816.116.516.317.015.2
Fiji------14.7-------------13.1--------9.8-----14.2--18.1-15.4---
Filipinas---------12.1-15.915.017.015.4----------9.725.49.39.49.610.28.910.110.49.99.69.59.29.58.57.67.56.76.8
Finlandia---11.99.010.1--------8.914.924.530.831.241.241.635.434.628.628.426.628.227.827.520.118.716.516.521.521.420.119.019.920.522.420.120.117.017.2
Francia-------19.824.625.723.923.422.119.519.819.721.725.528.827.127.628.926.226.320.618.018.917.319.820.321.318.818.322.922.521.923.724.124.224.724.522.120.819.6
Gabón-----------------41.0----------------35.7---------
Gambia------------------------------------13.1-----25.8-
Georgia-----------------------24.621.120.127.924.928.328.3-31.537.544.341.541.938.241.038.236.936.028.929.930.4
Ghana------------------------16.5-----9.5---11.2--4.6-15.2-9.1--
Gibraltar--------------------------------------------
Granada---------------27.0--44.5-30.1-31.5---------------------
Grecia-----9.112.423.123.924.224.225.026.024.923.324.525.026.727.727.931.231.029.331.429.227.925.825.426.125.825.022.721.925.733.044.755.358.352.449.847.343.639.935.2
Groenlandia--------------------------------------------
Guam-------23.5--16.4---------------28.2-----------------
Guatemala---------------------------4.45.5-3.7---5.47.54.75.65.95.75.75.0--
Guinea--------------------------5.7-----------------
Guinea Ecuatorial--------------------------------------------
Guinea-Bissau--------------------------------------------
Guyana-----------25.5----26.8---------24.1---------------26.5-
Haití--------------25.9--------17.9--------------------
Honduras-----------------------------8.76.25.55.56.07.58.07.09.911.911.012.610.810.710.9
Hong Kong---6.57.14.36.06.86.65.95.73.83.42.8-4.24.34.54.36.96.75.210.5-11.211.314.915.012.110.710.49.08.512.612.29.39.39.59.310.59.88.7-8.6
Hungría----------------18.822.920.918.619.416.915.212.312.310.711.412.914.419.419.118.019.526.426.426.028.226.620.417.312.910.710.211.4
India------------------6.2-----8.1----7.5----9.0-10.1-----22.5-
Indonesia--------------8.08.28.68.913.6-15.515.517.119.819.919.922.422.124.426.224.522.619.518.917.618.415.515.715.717.015.814.716.213.5
Irán-----------------------------24.2-22.323.024.728.7---25.226.129.228.427.6-
Iraq-------------------------------17.3----16.1-20.0-22.725.6--
Irlanda-------21.323.425.026.226.025.221.819.723.122.725.023.019.018.115.911.48.66.56.27.88.18.38.68.69.213.524.528.129.630.826.723.420.216.814.413.812.5
Isla de Man---------------7.6----7.6----4.0----7.3-------------
Isla de San Martín (parte francesa)--------------------------------------------
Islandia---------------4.99.910.011.512.28.78.17.04.34.45.16.412.512.17.48.37.08.215.916.214.413.510.69.88.86.57.96.18.7
Islas Caimán---------------9.6-------------9.810.311.113.5--21.121.324.318.613.8----
Islas del Canal--------------------------------------------
Islas Feroe--------------------------------------------
Islas Marshall--------------------------------------------
Islas Salomón-------------------------------------1.3------
Islas Turcas y Caicos--------------------------------------------
Islas Vírgenes (EE.UU.)--------------------------------------------
Islas Vírgenes Británicas---------------6.9----------------------------
Israel9.8-9.98.013.314.314.112.816.317.3----21.822.122.620.716.714.913.615.016.916.717.318.720.822.420.617.818.416.212.514.714.211.812.110.510.69.38.67.37.26.7
Italia--24.825.425.0-29.428.931.532.133.333.733.331.828.928.128.330.231.833.534.734.633.833.031.527.827.126.824.424.121.820.421.225.327.929.235.340.042.740.337.834.732.229.2
Jamaica40.6-43.5-93.045.248.7--85.1--57.5-31.8-28.3-27.3---33.2-------------33.537.834.332.831.828.224.220.6
Japón3.13.53.83.73.63.94.44.54.94.85.25.24.94.64.34.54.45.05.66.16.66.77.79.19.19.69.910.19.58.78.07.77.29.19.48.08.16.96.35.55.14.63.63.8
Jordania---------------------------------------30.935.6--37.3
Kazajstán--------------------------17.314.514.3---7.46.75.24.63.93.9---3.8--
Kenya-----------------------21.3------19.7---------7.4---
Kirguistán--------------------------20.1-15.214.414.6--16.816.716.617.613.414.015.015.514.89.5-
Kiribati-----------------------------39.3----54.0----17.1----
Kosovo------------------------------------55.3-61.057.752.452.855.449.5
Kuwait-------4.7---------------------11.3--------13.915.315.4---
Lao----------------------------------1.8------18.2--
Lesotho-----------------------33.5--------48.6----34.4------
Letonia----------------------27.023.521.324.225.320.421.815.113.610.613.633.336.231.028.523.219.616.317.317.012.212.4
Líbano----------------------------19.9--22.1------------
Liberia----------------------------------3.3-19.6-1.51.52.3---
Libia------------------------------------48.7-------
Liechtenstein--------------------------------------------
Lituania----------------------25.225.528.631.620.426.920.315.810.08.413.329.635.732.626.721.919.316.314.513.311.111.9
Luxemburgo-------6.75.36.56.15.44.73.33.62.63.74.47.97.29.27.36.46.86.46.37.010.916.913.716.215.217.917.214.216.818.815.522.617.318.915.414.217.0
Macao--------------------6.77.09.011.410.59.810.912.110.48.27.26.56.27.85.55.85.54.2-4.54.85.35.45.2
Madagascar---------------------------7.0-2.3------1.0--3.4----
Malasia--------------------------------------9.510.710.5-10.9-
Malawi-----------------------------1.5-------8.0---40.5--
Maldivas-------------------1.9----4.4--------25.4----12.4-15.9---
Malí----------------------------------10.7--8.58.220.02.319.62.4-
Malta------------------------11.817.615.317.418.316.115.513.511.714.513.213.313.812.711.711.610.710.69.19.2
Mariana---------------------------5.8----------------
Marruecos--------------31.1-------35.020.5-18.917.617.015.415.716.615.618.316.617.617.918.619.119.920.822.2---
Mauricio-------------------23.8-----27.625.617.424.725.823.424.719.321.623.721.623.522.124.625.422.824.023.9-
Mauritania------------------------------------15.2----21.2--
México---------------5.45.45.47.111.39.27.46.44.15.14.96.17.18.26.97.07.27.610.19.79.89.49.49.48.67.76.96.97.2
Micronesia (Estados Federados de)--------------------------------------18.9-----
Mónaco------------------------6.9---------------26.6---
Mongolia--------------------------------9.810.114.810.58.310.912.313.120.817.916.825.3
Montenegro-----------------------------------36.642.240.535.837.635.931.729.425.2
Mozambique---------------------------------------7.4----
Myanmar---------------------------------------1.6-4.02.01.5
Namibia----------------------------41.7-------34.441.439.0-44.9-38.0-
Nauru--------------------------38.0----------26.6------
Nepal-----------------------3.0--------2.2--------21.4--
Nicaragua-------------9.6----------------8.6-----7.9-8.5-----
Níger-------------------------3.2---------0.54.5-0.7--16.6--
Nigeria----------15.4------------------------9.8-10.08.17.712.413.8-18.3
Noruega------7.68.97.66.55.05.37.911.511.812.813.913.912.619.115.314.912.912.311.112.213.011.912.811.58.77.47.59.29.38.78.59.17.99.911.210.49.710.0
Nueva Caledonia--------------------------------------38.4-----
Nueva Zelandia----------8.08.211.113.914.519.319.217.915.512.312.313.615.014.213.512.111.710.59.79.89.910.111.416.817.417.518.015.113.913.813.412.911.711.1
Omán----------------------------------------13.7---
Países Bajos-9.7-10.4---21.0-17.6-16.814.213.111.111.18.110.411.312.111.49.78.87.45.34.44.66.68.011.810.09.48.610.211.110.011.713.212.711.310.88.97.26.7
Pakistán------------5.3-5.110.18.67.27.48.9-10.010.4-13.3-13.4-11.7-0.90.81.01.11.31.7-5.94.06.6--7.8-
Palau-------------------18.9----9.6-------------5.6-----
Panamá--------------21.6-------------------8.46.46.46.37.08.08.210.810.212.8
Papua Nueva Guinea------------------------5.3---------3.6---------
Paraguay-----------------11.78.2-------16.713.512.010.611.210.69.812.011.011.810.19.711.211.111.510.814.515.3
Perú--------------------13.313.113.712.6-13.29.18.99.19.38.27.67.46.96.66.96.56.67.16.47.98.08.17.3
Polinesia Francesa--------------------------33.2----34.2------------
Polonia----------------27.830.032.631.228.522.821.329.635.739.241.641.440.136.929.821.717.320.623.725.826.527.323.920.817.714.811.79.9
Portugal---------20.020.317.514.311.710.48.79.712.114.516.017.014.19.59.28.39.010.513.514.116.216.516.716.720.322.830.337.938.134.832.028.023.920.318.3
Puerto Rico37.237.935.731.3-36.138.747.340.641.942.741.035.0-31.334.134.130.5-26.427.827.124.922.720.5-23.323.221.223.322.322.224.5-----------
Qatar----------------------------10.8--1.61.01.2-1.31.61.20.80.60.50.50.4-
Reino Unido-------20.219.118.218.516.213.210.310.413.915.717.516.415.514.913.612.512.412.010.310.911.410.712.713.914.315.019.119.921.321.220.717.014.613.012.111.311.2
República Árabe Siria--------------------------26.319.5---19.122.416.720.4---------
República Checa---------------4.6-8.48.77.87.27.010.816.617.016.315.416.819.919.217.510.79.916.618.318.119.519.015.912.610.57.96.75.6
República de Moldova------------------------15.816.315.218.119.718.817.114.511.215.417.814.913.112.29.810.711.211.89.610.4
República Dominicana------------------------12.513.712.913.613.113.710.912.510.612.510.813.914.917.413.416.516.713.515.016.0
República Eslovaca------------------27.324.821.022.623.232.036.938.937.732.932.830.126.620.319.027.333.633.434.033.729.726.522.218.914.916.1
Ribera Occidental y Gaza------------------------16.031.639.135.835.932.330.131.337.734.536.731.735.237.736.737.438.641.942.240.2
Rumania----------------22.4--20.920.217.416.817.317.817.622.219.522.320.221.420.118.620.822.123.922.623.724.021.720.618.316.216.8
Rwanda--------------------0.7-----------------1.9--22.620.620.5
Saint Kitts y Nevis----18.4----------10.3---------11.0------------------
Samoa-------------------------12.2---------16.119.1-19.1--31.9--
Samoa Americana--------------12.0-----------------------------
San Marino---------------------------------15.817.3----28.027.4---
San Vicente y las Granadinas---------------36.3----------------------------
Santa Lucía---------------------------39.440.8------------45.943.137.5
Santo Tomé y Príncipe------------------------------------20.8-------
Senegal--------------------------8.6---14.8----12.7---8.1----
Serbia-----------------------------47.747.943.735.341.646.350.951.149.447.543.234.931.929.727.5
Seychelles------------------22.8-------20.3--------11.0--13.113.611.510.911.69.6
Sierra Leona----------------------------5.2---------9.4-----
Singapur--6.05.84.8-4.55.34.67.49.97.96.04.3-3.86.67.07.37.08.65.48.39.6-7.711.310.210.9-8.98.89.212.99.99.28.99.38.89.49.1--11.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)--------------------------------------------
Somalia--------------------------------------------
Sri Lanka-----------------35.634.935.232.932.126.126.823.6--26.226.526.421.621.218.521.319.016.817.318.519.720.121.018.021.1-
Sudáfrica------------------------53.556.059.961.356.756.354.652.545.648.351.250.351.751.451.350.153.353.253.457.1
Sudán-----------------------------------32.6--------
Sudán del Sur--------------------------------18.5-----------
Suecia3.7-----7.67.96.05.84.84.5-3.14.68.013.722.722.619.621.521.917.516.39.511.712.914.318.521.921.519.320.225.024.822.823.623.522.920.418.917.917.420.1
Suiza--------------3.23.24.56.46.05.44.96.46.16.25.05.65.68.57.78.87.77.17.08.58.27.78.38.78.68.88.68.17.98.0
Suriname-------------35.336.7-40.135.7-26.224.625.123.134.1----21.5----20.213.720.020.520.916.413.4----
Swazilandia-------------------43.6--------------------47.1---
Tailandia--1.82.11.8-4.1----9.65.32.44.3---2.6-2.52.27.47.76.67.6-5.04.54.84.84.54.85.62.52.92.71.23.13.13.74.44.04.2
Tanzanía-------------------------5.5----6.5----6.9-5.83.9-----
Tayikistán--------------------------------------------
Timor-Leste----------------------------------12.4--21.8--13.2---
Togo------------------------------6.8----2.9--5.83.9-9.5--
Tonga------------------------------------------8.9-
Trinidad y Tobago---20.4-20.5-21.3-29.832.640.139.439.836.434.2-33.5-31.028.5-27.025.423.2-21.1--16.513.011.310.511.79.98.78.76.35.95.98.7---
Túnez-------------30.8-------31.9-------28.227.727.928.430.929.442.337.634.7-35.034.934.9--
Turkmenistán--------------------------------------------
Turquía------------16.716.316.015.316.317.816.015.613.514.314.215.013.116.219.220.520.619.916.417.218.522.819.716.715.716.917.818.519.520.520.225.2
Tuvalu----------------------------------------20.6---
Ucrania----------------------------15.714.9---17.817.4--17.423.122.423.0-17.915.4
Uganda---------------1.9--------------------5.42.6---15.3--
Uruguay--------16.7-----23.424.423.922.924.124.6--23.024.529.134.338.038.233.029.228.125.022.421.120.718.118.519.319.422.523.824.825.928.7
Uzbekistán--------------------------------------------
Vanuatu------------------------------13.9--8.94.8---------
Venezuela--------------22.5----------16.2---18.215.413.612.412.214.214.114.2-------
Viet Nam----------------------------4.6--6.2-4.63.63.44.05.05.26.77.27.34.86.9
Yemen, Rep. del------------------17.9----18.6----------33.7---24.5-----
Zambia------------------------21.4---------28.7------24.026.0-
Zimbabwe---------------------16.5-14.0----7.6------8.7--6.8----27.5